The life cycle of PVC raises a number of environmental issues, in particular due to the use of certain additives (lead, cadmium, and phthalates) and during the management of PVC waste. This paper, written in a question-and-answer format, provides an easy-to-understand backgrounder: what PVC is, what it's used for, the key environmental issues, disposing of PVC, and likely actions of the European Commission to regulate PVC-related issues.