Businesses dig in to Sustainable Development Goals

Businesses dig in to Sustainable Development Goals

world politics review
Many of the SDGs concern how people in agricultural supply chains fare. Above, workers in a Guatemalan farm.

Each time SolarCity sells a megawatt of solar power in the United States, it lights up a school in Central America or Africa by installing solar-based electricity — which amounts to 1,000 schools this year.

Sustainability Development Goal No. 4 is: “Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.” 

Unilever’s Lifebouy division is providing soap and teaching the "life saving habit of handwashing with soap" to people now living in areas without plumbing and extreme poverty leads to disease — reaching 257 million people.

SDG No. 6 is: Ensure availability of water and sanitation for all.

Mars, having transitioned its U.S. operations to 100 renewable energy, is converting the energy sources in its supply chain to get to 100 percent renewable power there and eliminating greenhouse gases from its entire business.

SDG No. 13 is: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

And today, the CEOs of 10 major food companies including Kellogg Co., General Mills, Mars, Unilever, Ben & Jerry's and Nestle sent a letter to world leaders committing to sustainable actions and pleading with them to reach an agreement at the UN climate talks in Paris, COP 21.

SDG No. 17 is: Strengthen the means of implementation of goals through partnerships

"This could be a turning point," the food companies said in their letter, issued a week after the UN member nations gathered to talk climate change, approved 17 Sustainable Development Goals, received a strong commitment from China to cut carbon through a cap and trade system and listened to Pope Francis' admonishments about caring for the planet.

"When you convene in Paris later this year for climate negotiations, you will have an opportunity to take action that could significantly change our world for the better. As heads of some of the world’s largest food companies, we have come together today to call out that opportunity."

For their part, they said they'll work on sustainable development and lowering emissions.  

"We want the women and men who work to grow the food on our tables to have enough to eat themselves, and to be able to provide properly for their families.

"We want the farms where crops are grown to be as productive and resilient as possible, while building the communities and protecting the water supplies around them.

"We want to see only the most energy-efficient modes of transport shipping products and ingredients around the world.

We want the facilities where we make our products to be powered by renewable energy, with nothing going to waste," adding that "As corporate leaders, we have been working hard toward these ends, but will do more.

Why business is stepping up to the plate

The SDGs differ from the Millennium Development Goals of 15 years ago in several ways. A chief difference is that the SDGs depend on business and civil society to help achieve them, rather than just asking national governments.

As Unilever CEO Paul Polman said during Climate Week speaking to a large assembly gathered to talk about the SDGs, the goals won’t be achieved without business.

 Speaking to some 1,000 people representing NGOs, businesses, cities, activists at a Climate Week assembly organized as the Social Good Summit, Polman stressed the importance of SDG goal No. 17. 

“Let’s work together to make these goals a reality for everyone, everywhere,” Polman said, putting emphasis behind goal 17: Strengthen the means of implentation of the goals through global partnerships.

Amina Mohammed, the UN undersecretary in charge of the Post 2015 Sustainable Development Goal implementation told businesses and activists at Climate Week that even if an entity works on just one goal, but put some muscle into that work, it will bolster all of them.

"Whatever the goal is, use it as a docking station for all the other 16," she said.  They are inter-related and achieving progress on one will help progress on all the others.

Kellogg is focusing on goal No. 2: "End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture" because its business depends on agriculture and people believing that its food is nutrituous. But it can't get to its business goals if its farmers are not thriving so it is helping bolster the livelihoods of 500,000 farmers, it says, through supporting smart agriculture practices.  

Michael Bloomberg, founder of Bloomberg Business, former mayor of New York and now special envoy to the United Nations for Cities, said the private sector makes a big difference when it takes action.

"The progress that has happened in America has been through the private sector reducing emmissions or city governments or states," he said. The Compact of Mayors he formed to spur cities to commit to cut greenhouse gases now includes 175 cities.

Some companies have taken action through product offerings. Siemens and Philips Lighting are making products to allow cities to light their streets with very little electricity use.  Ikea, which already layered all its rooftops with solar panels for its own electricity, is selling home solar tool kits.

Anne Kelly, senior director of policy at Ceres, the investor network sustainability advocate, says companies have been emboldened by each other.

She was speaking about the 10 food companies whose CEOs sent a letter to world leaders.
"These companies share a supply chain that is particularly vulnerable to rising temperatures so they do have to "believe" in climate change.  They have seen and felt its impacts," Kelly wrote in an email.
"They are also emboldened by the overwhelming consensus among their business colleagues that cost of action now will be much less than the cost of inaction" she added.
 

The Climate Group and CDP announced at the beginning of this week that they have counted 170 major companies, states , regions and cities around the world that have committed to reducing GHG emisisions by 80 to 100 percent or procuring 100 percent of thier power from renewable sources. 

That looks likely to be extremely important: According to Climate Interactive, the organization that quantifies the carbon reduction totals of the various country INDCs and calculates their impact for the United Nations, the country commitments made so far would not allow the globe from avoiding catastrophic climate events.

"The current national offers of climate action submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) would reduce projected warming by approximately 1°C, according to a new analysis," Climate Interactive said of work it did with produced in partnership with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sloan School of Management.

Climate Interactive and MIT

A Paris agreement based on these offers would put the world on track for a global temperature increase of 3.5°C (6.3°F), with a range of uncertainty from 2.1 to 4.6°C (3.7 to 8.4°F), down from the 4.5°C (8.1°F) of warming above pre-industrial levels if nations continue on the business-as-usual track.