How can regular folks take control of the situation and substantially reduce greenhouse gas emissions in our daily lives — emissions that come from our direct, household use of electricity, natural gas, heating oil and gasoline? It turns out that much of it is pretty straightforward, and there are opportunities to quickly reduce emissions by 10 percent, 20 percent, maybe as much as 50 percent in many households. And most of these efforts can save us money and make our lives better. We just need to roll up our sleeves and get to work.
To get started, here are a few things to keep in mind:
1. Addressing climate change isn’t a sacrifice. In fact, it can greatly improve the quality of our lives.
Americans are not happier, healthier, wealthier or more secure because we waste more energy than other people around the world. In fact, we can enjoy our lives more as we use less energy — at least if we’re smart about it. For example, we can trade in expensive, fuel-guzzling, hard-to-park SUVs for sleek new hybrids or electric cars, which are cheaper to run, more fun to drive and far easier to park.
And we can enjoy our homes more if they are less drafty, more comfortable and less expensive to operate. Plus, if we save money on energy and water bills, we have more money for other, more important things. Finally, of course, we all benefit from cleaner air, fewer asthma cases, greatly reduced risk of oil spills and lower international tensions over energy.
2. Let’s be wise with our use of energy and food.
Our country is still incredibly inefficient. We can find much better ways to heat and light our living spaces, to get around town and to enjoy delicious food — all while saving money, improving our quality of life and greatly reducing our impact on the planet.
We can use programmable thermostats to control our furnaces and air conditioners, keeping us comfortable while saving huge amounts of energy. We can tighten up our doors and windows, and insulate our buildings. We can wrap our water heaters, turn them down to 120 degrees Fahrenheit and use low-flow shower heads. We can change our old light bulbs to efficient LEDs, which last far longer and save tremendous amounts of money and energy. We can buy more efficient appliances, especially refrigerators and washing machines, when the time comes. We can drive far more efficient vehicles, and try to drive them a little less. And we can waste less food, and cut down on beef. Done right, all of these steps save us money, help address climate change and improve our quality of life.
3. Next, we can switch our energy and food towards more renewable, sustainable sources.
Once we pick the low-hanging fruits of energy and resource efficiency, it makes sense to switch our energy sources and food supplies to local and more sustainable sources. For example, we may be able to purchase — for a very small monthly fee — local solar- and wind-generated electricity for your apartment or home. We also can find more sustainable kinds of food.
Or maybe we can go further and install solar panels on our roofs, which can power our homes, or lease an electric car. All of these investments cost money at first, but they often have great financial payoffs in the long run. In the meantime, these actions have local economic benefits and help keep money and jobs in our community.
4. Pick the low-hanging fruit.
Doing just a few things give us some very big wins in reducing household greenhouse gas emissions — programmable thermostats, tightening up doors and windows, insulating our attics and basements, widespread LED lighting, updated refrigerators and washing machines, much more efficient cars, wasting less food and reducing beef consumption. These are the low-hanging fruits, and they are just waiting to be picked. What’s stopping us?
5. Do what you can, when you can.
Some of these steps cost nothing, or very little, and have immediate financial benefits. Start there. But other steps take money and time. So pace yourself. Do what you can, when you can do it. I try to do one or two new things each season to lower my emissions, and I try to take advantage of opportunities that arise — like when it’s time to buy a new refrigerator, or trade in a car, or fix something in my house.
Naturally, we can only do so much in our homes and cars. Other emissions happen outside the control of everyday Americans. We need good policy, good technologies, good market tools and good leadership to do the rest.
But we don’t have all of those things right now. And waiting for changes in political leadership is wasting time we don’t have. So why don’t we get to work at the personal and household level now, and help buy the time and build the momentum we need to mount more effective policy responses in the future? Strong political leadership on climate change is definitely needed, but in the meantime the rest of us can make a difference too.
Finally, I think a real democracy requires that we all participate in making our country, and our world, a better place. Climate change demands more of our leadership, to be sure, but it also demands more of us too. So maybe it’s time we all get to work. The politicians can join us later, following our lead for a change.
Or maybe that’s the way it’s always been.