Winslow Green Growth Fund: On the Rise Again

Winslow Green Growth Fund: On the Rise Again

The Winslow Green Growth Fund, a small-cap growth fund focusing on corporate environmental responsibility that skyrocketed in 2003 with a one-year return of 91.74% before returning to earth in 2004, seems to be heading skyward again. Returns for this socially responsible investment (SRI) fund were up 9.33% in the second quarter of 2005, almost tripling the 3.23% returns of its benchmark, the Russell 2000 Growth Index (which tracks small-cap growth stocks).

"What's most encouraging is the upward trend the fund has taken during the past two months," said Jack Robinson, president of Winslow Management Company and lead portfolio manager of the fund. "The fund was up 16.08% in May and 9.86% in June, even though the market as a whole was sluggish."

Winslow attributes the strong second quarter performance to two portfolio holdings in particular: Durect and Green Mountain Coffee Roasters.

"Our biggest winner and largest holding in Q2 is Durect, a drug delivery company specializing in pain therapeutics whose patch product reduces the ability for abuse of opiod drugs," said Nicolé Keane, Winslow's portfolio assistant. "This holding, which we rate as 'environmentally responsible,' represents 8.5% of the portfolio and was up over 39% during the second quarter."

"Green Mountain Coffee Roasters, which we rate 'best in class' as the majority of all the coffee it sells is Organic, Fair Trade or from small-scale coffee farms, represents 3.3% of the fund and was up over 45% in Q2," Ms. Keane told "Green Mountain understands the sustainability challenges of the industry and is actively working to address them."

Looking back at a longer time horizon confirms the fund's strong performance. The Winslow Green Growth Fund's three-year returns are 19.51% (compared to 11.37% for the benchmark), ranking it in the first percentile compared to its peers of similar style and asset class. In other words, during this time period it outperformed 99% of domestic small cap growth funds, SRI and non-SRI alike.

All fund statistics cited in this article are based on data provided by Thomson Financial Network covering the period ending June 30, 2005, unless otherwise noted.

Looking at alpha and beta illuminates fund performance patterns. Alpha measures the degree of fund deviation from market performance--in other words, fund performance that cannot be explained by market movement and thus is attributable only to fund management, with positive alpha as a reward and negative alpha as punishment. Beta measures the degree of volatility, with beta of 1 hugging market swings, beta under 1 minimizing volatility below the market, and beta above 1 risking volatility beyond the market.

Winslow's beta runs pretty high -- 1.44 over the past three years.

"Our style is a concentrated small cap portfolio of no more than 35 to 40 positions, so we will buy positions of up to 5% and let them run to as much as a 10% position," said Matt Patsky, Winslow's co-portfolio manager. "This strategy is inherently more volatile than a broad market index, hence our high beta."

"We would have to change our overall strategy to eliminate the volatility," added Mr. Robinson. "The obvious ways around it would be to hold more positions that are smaller in size, and one of the reasons we don't do so is that to beat the index, you don't want to look, walk, or talk like the index."

Such risk-taking can pay off.

"This increased volatility has been rewarded with better-than-market returns over the long-term," Mr. Patsky told

Indeed, the flip side of Winslow's high beta is its high alpha of 7.28 over the three-year period.

What accounts for Winslow's success? Mr. Robinson attributes it in large part to environmental screening.

"We believe that environmental screening is all about enhancing profitability and growth," Mr. Robinson told "We lead with the environmental screens because we can measure environmental risk and cost and the impact green products have on enhancing revenue growth--and we find that focusing on these metrics is an excellent way to understand the culture of a company."

"We are very focused on the positive side of screening, and we break our investment universe into 'greens,' 'cleans,' and 'dirties,'" Mr. Robinson explained. Greens (or companies with environmentally beneficial products or services) and cleans (or environmentally benign companies) qualify for investment consideration, while dirties (or companies with negative ecological impacts) are screened out. "We do do fundamental analysis -- just because a company's green doesn't mean it's necessarily a good investment -- so we fully incorporate other investment disciplines, such monitoring money flows in and out of stocks and determining relative valuations."

Reflecting on the historical development of Winslow's green screens highlights the growth in corporate environmental responsibility.

"When we first started focusing exclusively on green investing in 1991, we knew of no more than ten public companies that had a clearly identifiable green product or service, and today we've got files on 250," Mr. Robinson reminisced. He cites the example of Whole Foods to illustrate this growth. "People wrote it off in 1992 when it went public, and now it has 165 stores nationally and has outgrown the small-cap category, but we continue to own it in our top ten holdings -- to us, it's the holy grail, an example of a company that's a success story with a green product or service."